Carter Godwin Woodson was born on December 19, 1875, in New Canton, Virginia, to Anna Eliza Riddle Woodson and James Woodson. The fourth of seven children, young Woodson worked as a sharecropper and a miner to help his family.
Woodson was the second African American to receive a doctorate from Harvard in 1912, after W.E.B. Du Bois.
Known as the “Father of Black History,” Woodson dedicated his career to the field of African American history and lobbied schools and organizations to participate in a special program to encourage the study of African American history, which began in February 1926 with Negro History Week. The program was later expanded and renamed Black History Month.
Woodson wrote more than a dozen books over the course of his career, most notably Mis-Education of the Negro (1933) with its focus on the Western indoctrination system and African American self-empowerment,
He died in Washington, D.C., in 1950