Citigroup Report: Racism Has Cost U.S. Economy $16 Trillion Over The Last 20 Years

Citigroup has figured out just how much money systemic racism in the United States has cost the country: $16 trillion over the past 20 years.The total is the combined cost of racial disparities in wages, education, investment in Black-owned businesses, and the housing market.

Days after Citigroup released the report, the financial giant announced it will commit more than $1 billion to close the racial wealth gap. In January, Citigroup launched a $150 million fund to support minority businesses.

Citigroup is the latest company that has tried to quantify the economic impact of systemic racism.

According to the report, Black workers in the U.S. have lost $113 billion in potential wages over the past two decades because they couldn’t get a college degree. The housing market lost $218 billion in sales because Black applicants couldn’t get home loans. The study also found about $13 trillion in business revenue never flowed into the economy because Black entrepreneurs couldn’t access bank loans.

Citigroup added the U.S. could add $5 trillion in gross domestic product over the next five years if the gaps were closed today.

“Closing the wage, housing, education, and business investment racial gaps can help narrow the wealth gap, which is significant for facilitating homeownership, business, and job creation, plus establishing a pipeline for intergenerational wealth accumulation,” the report states.